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fgetcsv — Reads data from a CSV (comma-separated value) file.


array fgetcsv(file_handle, length[, delimiter]);
resource file_handle: File handle
int length: Number of characters to read
string delimiter (optional): Value separator


Array; FALSE on error or EOF


Parses a line from a CSV (comma-separated value) file and returns it in an array. The length parameter must be longer than the longest line present in the source file, including any line-end characters. Each value extracted from the input line is returned as one element in the return array. Empty lines return an empty array.

The function handles quoted values sensibly - ignoring commas within the quote.

When the function reaches the end of the file or encounters an error, FALSE is returned.

If the optional delimiter parameter is specified, the function splits the lines on the character specified, instead of a comma.


Because some of the filesystem functions to read/write from files partially share the same code, one or more of the bugs reported elsewhere may also apply to this function.




Example 307. Dump a CSV file

    // open file
    $fh = fopen("test.cvs", "r");

    // read and echo out values
    for ($row = 0; $line_array = fgetcsv ($fh, 512); ++$row)
        echo "<p>";

            $nr_elements = count($line_array);

            echo "Number of elements in row $row: $nr_elements<br>";

            for($i = 0; $i < $nr_elements; $i++)
                    echo "$i: $line_array[$i]; ";

            echo "</p>";


PHP Functions Essential Reference. Copyright © 2002 by New Riders Publishing (Authors: Zak Greant, Graeme Merrall, Torben Wilson, Brett Michlitsch). This material may be distributed only subject to the terms and conditions set forth in the Open Publication License, v1.0 or later (the latest version is presently available at The authors of this book have elected not to choose any options under the OPL. This online book was obtained from and is designed to provide information about the PHP programming language, focusing on PHP version 4.0.4 for the most part. The information is provided on an as-is basis, and no warranty or fitness is implied. All persons and entities shall have neither liability nor responsibility to any person or entity with respect to any loss or damage arising from the information contained in this book.

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