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chmod — Changes the access permissions of a file.


bool chmod(file, mode);
string file: File to change
int mode: File mode


TRUE on success; FALSE on error


chmod() changes the permissions of the specified file. The file mode should be specified in octal format and hence should have a leading 0. For more information on octal notation of file permissions, see the UNIX man page on chmod.


If safe mode is enabled, chmod() can only change the permissions of files that are owned by the user running the command. In most cases, this is the user that the web server runs as.


Example 299. Change a file's permissions to "-rw-r--r--"

$file = "test_file";

if (! chmod($file, 0644)) {
    echo  ("Unable to change file permissions");

PHP Functions Essential Reference. Copyright © 2002 by New Riders Publishing (Authors: Zak Greant, Graeme Merrall, Torben Wilson, Brett Michlitsch). This material may be distributed only subject to the terms and conditions set forth in the Open Publication License, v1.0 or later (the latest version is presently available at The authors of this book have elected not to choose any options under the OPL. This online book was obtained from and is designed to provide information about the PHP programming language, focusing on PHP version 4.0.4 for the most part. The information is provided on an as-is basis, and no warranty or fitness is implied. All persons and entities shall have neither liability nor responsibility to any person or entity with respect to any loss or damage arising from the information contained in this book.

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