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end — Sets the internal array pointer to the last element of the array and returns that element's value.


mixed end(array);
array array: Array on which to act


Contents of the last array element


Sets the internal array pointer to the last element of array and returns the value of that element. This can be used to quickly seek to the end of an array; for instance, if you need to iterate through an array backwards but don't want to reverse the array using something like array_reverse() .


PHP 3, PHP 4

See also

See also current() , key() , next() , prev() , reset()


Example 45. Iterate from the end of an array to the beginning

$my_array = array("a", "b", "c", "d", "e");
echo "The last element of the array is: " . end($my_array);
for ($i = count($my_array); $i >= 0; $i--) {
   echo "\n";
   echo prev($my_array);

The last element of the array is: e

PHP Functions Essential Reference. Copyright © 2002 by New Riders Publishing (Authors: Zak Greant, Graeme Merrall, Torben Wilson, Brett Michlitsch). This material may be distributed only subject to the terms and conditions set forth in the Open Publication License, v1.0 or later (the latest version is presently available at The authors of this book have elected not to choose any options under the OPL. This online book was obtained from and is designed to provide information about the PHP programming language, focusing on PHP version 4.0.4 for the most part. The information is provided on an as-is basis, and no warranty or fitness is implied. All persons and entities shall have neither liability nor responsibility to any person or entity with respect to any loss or damage arising from the information contained in this book.

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